Every waves have a Velocity, Frequency and Wave length.


w=frequency;the number of waves passing a given point in the medium each second. Frequency, f, is measured in hertz (Hz).
Frequency is the reciprocal of period, and period the reciprocal of frequency, that is: f=1/f and T=1/f
lambda=wave lengh; is the distance between two successive points whch are in phase, that is the points are doing the same thing at the same time. Wavelength,lambda, is measured in metres (m).
this picture is from Concise Physics
c=velocity;Wavespeed is the distance the wave travels through the medium each second.
Wavespeed, v, is measured in metres per second (m sí┬1).
Period= the time attakes to go through are cycle at a fixed point. (units= time units)
A=amplitude;a wave is the maximum displacement of particles from their rest position, or in the case of a pressure wave, amplitude is the maximum change of pressure from normal air pressure. Waves with bigger amplitude carry more energy.


Wave Equation
The wave equation links three properties:
* speed
* wavelength
* frequency

The equation of the wave, wave height as a function of space and time. Therefore, the wave equation will be
y=A cos(ax+by+cz-dt)
which phase of the wave = an angle measured in radians.



Standing of 1D




2D Satnding Wave & 2D Traveling Wave




3D Satnding Wave & 3D Traveling Wave



The 2D & 3D graphs are from Paul Bender's Home Page.