
Mon 2 Mar 2015, 1:00pm
Math Education Research Reading
MATX1118

Communities in university mathematics by Biza, Jaworski and Hemmi

MATX1118
Mon 2 Mar 2015, 1:00pm2:00pm
Abstract
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UBC Mathematics

Mon 2 Mar 2015, 3:00pm
Institute of Applied Mathematics
LSK 460

Stochastic domain decomposition for parallel grid generation

LSK 460
Mon 2 Mar 2015, 3:00pm4:00pm
Abstract
In this talk a method for the parallel generation of adaptive meshes using stochastic domain decomposition is presented. The method rests on numerically evaluating the stochastic representation of the exact solution of a linear elliptic or linear parabolic mesh generator for generating the mesh at the interfaces of the subdomains. Unlike traditional domain decomposition, this method hence does not require iteration on the subdomains or optimization of the transmission conditions to generate adaptive meshes over the entire domain. We show the generation of adaptive meshes for prescribed mesh density functions and study the scaling properties of the algorithm. A few physical examples for the parallel generation of adaptive meshes for Burgers equation and the shallowwater equations are presented. This is joint work with Ronald Haynes and Emily Walsh.
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UBC

Mon 2 Mar 2015, 3:10pm
CRG Geometry and Physics Seminar
ESB 4127

Dgmanifolds as derived manifolds

ESB 4127
Mon 2 Mar 2015, 3:10pm4:10pm
Abstract
Given two smooth maps of manifolds f:M \to L and g:N \to L, if they are not transverse, the fibered product M \times_L N may not exist, or may not have the correct cohomological properties. In the world of derived manifolds, such a fibered product always exists as a smooth object, regardless of transversality. In this talk we will describe recent progress of ours with D. Roytenberg on giving an accessible geometric model for derived manifolds using differential graded manifolds.
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Stanford University

Tue 3 Mar 2015, 3:30pm
Diff. Geom, Math. Phys., PDE Seminar
ESB 2012

On the topology and index of minimal surfaces

ESB 2012
Tue 3 Mar 2015, 3:30pm4:30pm
Abstract
We show that for an immersed twosided minimal surface in R^3, there is a lower bound on the index depending on the genus and number of ends. Using this, we show the nonexistence of an embedded minimal surface in R^3 of index 2, as conjectured by Choe. Moreover, we show that the index of an immersed twosided minimal surface with embedded ends is bounded from above and below by a linear function of the total curvature of the surface. (This is joint work with Otis Chodosh)
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UBC

Tue 3 Mar 2015, 4:00pm
Discrete Math Seminar
ESB 4127

Spectrum in Simplicial Complexes

ESB 4127
Tue 3 Mar 2015, 4:00pm5:00pm
Abstract
Ramanujan graphs are kregular graphs admitting optimal connectivity properties (namely, optimal expanders). Infinite families of such graphs were first constructed by Lubotzky, Phillips and Sarnak in 1988 by relating the spectrum of a graph with certain representations of GL_2(Q_p). These ideas were generalized to simplical complexes by Lubotzky, Samuels and Vishne in 2005.
We will present a further generalization, showing that there is a natural way to relate spectral properties of simplicial complexes with certain representations of groups acting on their universal covers. Several results of this connection will be discussed. In particular, we strengthen the spectral properties of the complexes constructed by LSV. (Roughly speaking, we show that the complexes constructed by LSV have "optimal spectrum in all dimensions".)
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University of British Columbia

Wed 4 Mar 2015, 3:10pm
Probability Seminar
ESB 2012

An upper bound for the probability of visiting a distant point by critical branching random walk in $Z^4$

ESB 2012
Wed 4 Mar 2015, 3:10pm4:00pm
Abstract
We solve an open question raised by Le Gall and Lin. We study the probability of visiting a distant point $a \in Z^4$ by critical branching random walk starting from the origin. We prove that this probability is bounded by $1/(a^2 loga)$ up to a constant.
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Bilkent University and McMaster University

Wed 4 Mar 2015, 3:15pm
Topology and related seminars
ESB 4133

Finite group actions on homotopy spheres

ESB 4133
Wed 4 Mar 2015, 3:15pm4:15pm
Abstract
We are interested in classifying all finite groups which can act on a finite CWcomplex homotopy equivalent to a sphere, such that all isotropy subgroups are rank one groups, i.e., they do not include Z/pxZ/p for any prime p. The equivalent question for free actions (all isotropy subgroups are trivial) has been answered completely by the works of P.A. Smith and R. Swan. For actions with rank one isotropy, we give a list of group theoretical conditions which guarantee the existence of such actions. Some of these conditions are necessary conditions depending on assumptions on fixed point subspaces. This is a joint work with Ian Hambleton.
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UBC

Thu 5 Mar 2015, 3:30pm
Number Theory Seminar
room MATH 126

Diophantine quadruples

room MATH 126
Thu 5 Mar 2015, 3:30pm4:30pm
Abstract
A Diophantine mtuple is a set A of m positive integers such that ab+1 is a perfect square for every pair a,b of distinct elements of A. We derive an asymptotic formula for the number of Diophantine quadruples whose elements are bounded by x. In doing so, we extend two existing tools in ways that might be of independent interest. The ErdősTurán inequality bounds the discrepancy between the number of elements of a sequence that lie in a particular interval modulo 1 and the expected number; we establish a version of this inequality where the interval is allowed to vary. We also adapt an argument of Hooley on the equidistribution of solutions of polynomial congruences to handle reducible quadratic polynomials. (joint work with Scott Sitar)
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Mathematics, University of Bath

Fri 6 Mar 2015, 4:00pm
SPECIAL
Institute of Applied Mathematics
Canfor Policy Rm 1600, SFU Harbour Centre, Downtown Vancouver

Data Assimilation and Adaptivity

Canfor Policy Rm 1600, SFU Harbour Centre, Downtown Vancouver
Fri 6 Mar 2015, 4:00pm5:00pm
Abstract
Data assimilation is the process of systematically including (often noisy) data into a forecast. It is now widely used in numerical weather prediction and its positive impact on the accuracy of weather forecasts is unquestionable. Indeed improvements in our ability to forecast the weather over the last decade are a reflection on the increasing volume of data available, improved computational methods and (significantly) much improved algorithms for incorporating this data into the forecast. However, many problems remain, including dealing with the sheer volume of the data and the inherent complexity of the weather and climate, understanding the effects of data and model error, and of reducing spurious correlations between the data and the forecast.
In this talk I will give a survey of various techniques that are used operationally to implement data assimilation procedures in weather (and climate) forecasting including the Ensemble Kalman Filter, and the 4DVar method.
I will discuss their various advantages and disadvantages, the nature of the errors and ways to minimise these. In particular I will show that the use of adaptive numerical methods can significantly improve the performance
of the 4DVar method. Hopefully I will show that used carefully Data Assimilation techniques can significantly improve our ability to forecast the weather of Planet Earth.
Joint work with Mike Cullen and Chiara Piccolo at the Met Office.
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Note for Attendees
Note SFU downtown venue. Reception at 3:30 pm (light refreshments).